One of Seven Commandments given to the world through Noah after the flood, as derived from the first human being two thousand years earlier, is to have courts of law. There are two ways of justice: one, rely upon what is written, keeping tied to previous law; and two, a rational approach based on previous law. This divide between the rational and the fundamental is the same divide between dogma and teachings. In dogma there are no questions and the judge does not question the witness, as it is in Western Law. Jewish and Shira Law the judge questions the witnesses.
Dogma is the fulcrum of all conservative views; judges whose staunch views are etched into the written word often adhere to stringent religious views––producing a society bent towards the law and not towards justice. The law of the Torah and the Koran are instruments of justice; therefore the judges question the witnesses. Only on the Supreme Court do the nine judges question the witnesses. As the courts turn from conservative to liberal, we the people should rethink the benefits of an adversarial method of law meant to be a deterrent. Justice requires not just the head but also the heart.